In the current scenario, the availability of agricultural land is decreasing day by day due to several factors, such as erosion, environmental pollution, incorrect irrigation and fertilisation (either too much or too little). On the other hand, the rapid increase in the population has increased the demand for agricultural production to meet the needs of the growing population. In recent years, there have been a number of advancements in the agriculture industry, like the increased use of new technologies, farming methods, better fertilisers, etc.
There is no denying the fact that farmers heavily rely on fertilisers to maximize their productivity. Although higher crop yields can be achieved with the use of traditional fertilisers, they also do a lot of harm to the environment. Therefore, nano-fertilisers have emerged as the most promising solution to this major problem. They are not only environment-friendly but also more effective as compared to traditional options due to their high nutrient value. What is a Nano Fertiliser?
As the name suggests, a nano fertilizer is prepared using nanotechnology. These can be defined as materials which are in the form of nanoparticles and contain macro and micronutrients that are required by plants for growth. These vital nutrients are delivered to crops in a controlled manner. Since nano-fertilisers have a high surface area to volume ratio, they deliver nutrients to plants faster and prove to be more effective in order to achieve higher crop yields. How Does It Improve Soil Quality?
Application of fertilisers prepared using nano-technology like nano-urea has gained a lot of popularity in recent years, and for all the right reasons. Other than promoting better plant growth and development, they also put an end to environmental pollution. With strategic application, these fertilisers not only replenish the lost nutrients in the soil but also improve soil fertility and health.
The nutritional quality of the crop yields also becomes a top priority in the case of food crops. With the use of nano urea fertilisers, you can not only achieve the maximum amount of crop production but also ensure that it ticks all the quality parameters.
Usually, nano fertilisers are applied to the soil or directly sprayed on the plant leaves. Due to faster absorption, the wastage percentage is much lower as compared to traditional fertilisers.
For nano fertilisers, the rate of release and release pattern can be controlled to a greater extent. Unlike traditional fertilisers, all the nutrients do not get released into the soil in one go. This is what makes nano fertilisers a more preferable option.
All these factors make one thing clear - nano fertilisers are an agricultural trend that is here to stay. They are environment-friendly and increase crop yields significantly without harming the soil, which is why they are being widely used as an alternative to traditional fertilisers.